Conference on "Status, Development Trend and Future of Santals" at Rourkela, Orissa during 10th and 11th, February, 2002


Guests of the Conference

Papers presented

Display of information during the Conference

Fact-Cum-Feedback Sheet


Responses and Feedback

Lessons to share

Return to Events

Download Souvenir (in pdf format)


All India Conference on Status, Development Trend and Future of SANTALS at Civic Centre Rourkela February 10-11, 2002

Organised by:All India ASECA, 2133 Lodi Road Complex, New Delhi 110 003, Assisted by:ASECA, Birsa Club, IATA, Raghugal Yuvak Sangha and other Concerned residents of Rourkela.


ASECAs or any other voluntary organisations are functioning at various places and levels with identical/similar objectives. It is observed that each functions at a pre-defined area with local/ regional focus. The process of exchange of ideas/experience among organisations/ individuals is minimal or absent. When the whole world is flooded with information and people talk about the concept of Global Village, it is unfortunate not to have communication links. Flow of information is the key to become effective and efficient as an institution. In the absence of mutual communication, growth and co-operation prospects suffer. Its impact is visible through under performance and weariness of the associations. There are other important aspects too. Mutual understanding through continuous dialogue foster unity and consensus to deal with contentious issues and it makes decision making process easier. So an attempt has been made to bring together associations and concerned people so as to facilitate dissemination of information on the topics chosen for the Conference. Main organisations invited to present their views are: ASECAs (Jharkhand, Orissa & West Bengal), All India Majhi Madwa, Adim Owar Jarpa, Bhubaneswar, Santal Engineers' Association, All India Santali Writers' Association, Jhargram, All Orissa Ol Chiki Students' Association, Rairangpur. Other individuals have also been invited to present their viewpoints.


The programme aims at gathering the views of participants for the development of a network to pursue and foster co-operation and involvement. This attempt is to bring together different people under a common platform. The idea is to generate public opinion through open discussion/ deliberation so as to identify problem areas, arrive at a conclusion with feasible solution(s) and implementation plan. Documentation of views is the main thrust and focus instead of continuing with oral tradition.


Conference - cum -Workshop methodology would be adopted leading to formulation of a broad action plan. The speakers are free to express their views. Participants are not allowed to interrupt the proceedings for maintaining the discipline. They are also free to express views in writing after the session which ensures their active participation.


This programme has been designed for representatives from voluntary organisations, social organisations who take decisions and contribute to organisational decision making process and also individuals who take keen interest in the welfare of Santals. As far as possible please avoid bringing small children.


Oraganisations / persons interested to talk on a subject given in the programme schedule should send the copies of their paper in advance so that the same can be distributed to the participants. For making the presentation better and easier to follow, speakers will be using transparencies during the presentation. Please note that presentation through transparencies shall be strictly adhered to. Due to limitation of time, it may not be possible to give opportunity to all for the presentation but the paper submitted will be published for the purpose of future reference. Organisations/individuals are requested to submit their articles latest by 31.1.2002 at B/18, LIC Colony, Naya Bazar, Rourkela 769010


A delegate's registration fee is Rs 100/- (Rupees One hundred only). The fee includes accommodation and food charge. However, interested and/or able persons are requested to generously contribute either Rs500/- or Rs 200/- as delegate cum donation fee in order to help the organisers for making better arrangements. ASECA, Rourkela will receive the local contribution. Persons/Organisations interested to sponsor various activities are most welcome. For further enquiry please contact Mr. Arjun Murmu on phone #0661-600 634 or Mr. Madan Mohan Tudu 0661-600 505

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The Conference was held as per schedule on 10th & 11th February, 2002 at Rourkela, Orissa

Guests of the Conference


1. Dr. P.C. Hembram, Chairman, Jharkhand Public Service Commission (Presided over)

2. Mr. Ajit Das, Hon'ble MLA, Rourkela, Chief Guest

3. Mrs. Saraswati Hembram, Ex-Minister, Govt. of Orissa and presently President, Orissa Pradesh Mahila Congress Committee, Chief Speaker

4. Mr. Lal Mohan Baskey, General Secretary, ASECA, Rairangpur, Orissa Head Office, Hon'ble Guest

5. Mr. Pitabas Mishra, Editor, Dainik Mail, Hon'ble Guest

6. Mr. Jadumani Beshra, General Secretary, All India Santali Writers' Association, Jhargram, West Bengal, Hon'ble Guest


1. Dr. P.C. Hembram, Presided over

2. Mrs. Droupadi Murmu, Hon'ble Minister, Govt. of Orissa, Chief Guest

3. Mr. Sudam Marndi, Hon'ble MLA, Chief Speaker

4. Mrs. Saraswati Hembram, Hon'ble Guest

5. Mr. Bajinath Soren, International Santal Council, Jamshedpur, Hon'ble Guest

6. Mr. Rupchand Hansda, President, All India Santali Writers' Association, Hon'ble Guest

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Papers presented by:

  1. Mr. Debi Prasad Beshra, Keonjhar, Orissa
  2. Mr. B. Naran Majhi, Kolkata
  3. Mr. Purna Chandra Hembram, New Delhi
  4. Mr. Raj Narayan Marndi, Bangalore
  5. Mr. Salkhu Majhi, Mumbai
  6. Mr. Sanatan Marandi, New Delhi
  7. Mr. Somanath Hansdah, Rourkela
  8. Mr. Ramhari Baskey, Joda, Keonjhar, Orissa

Papers submitted by:

  1. Mr. Manoranjan Hansdah, Rourkela
  2. Mrs. Damayanti Beshra, Lecturer,M. P. C. College, Baripada, Mayurbhanj
  3. Mr. Baiju Majhi & Mr. Ram Chandra Marndi, Jumid Kherwal, Cuttack
  4. Mr. Karu Murmu, Adim Owar Jarpa, Bhubaneswar,
  5. Mrs. Dulgu Murmu, At/Post: Morada, Mayurbhanj
  6. Mr. Hadibandhu Murmu, at: Kocha gobra, Post: Tiring, Mayurbhanj
  7. Mr. Bidyadhar Soren, FCI, Talcher, Orissa
  8. Mr. Raghunath Hembram

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Display during Conference


The Findings of the Genome Diversity in Indian Population Project (GENDIP) in India. (Genetic Study by Scientist)

Their conclusion: The fist inhabitants of India were the Austro-Asiatic Linguistic group of tribals, i.e. the Khasis, "SANTAL", Hos, Mundaris, Gonds, Lodhas, etc.

Source:- (The Pioneer, 23rd. July 2000)

For Further Information on this Study, contact

Proff. Partha P Majumdar, M.D., P HD., India Statistical Institute(ISI),203, B.T. Road, Kolkata, INDIA, Email:-


Sl. No.



Total Population

Santal Pouplation

%age of Santals

Sl. No.




Share of National Population




Undivided Mednipur













































































Papua New Guinea









United States




Pdt. Jawahar Lal Nehru’s Address in an All India Conference of Tribes at Jagdalpur (Bastar District, Madhya Pradesh) in March 1955

"Wherever you live, you should live in your own way. This is what I want you to decide yourselves. How would you like to live? Your old customs and habits are good. We want that they should survive but at the same time we want that you should be educated and should do your part in the welfare of the country"

Nehru’s "Panchsheel i.e. five fundamental principles for Tribal upliftment

  1. People should develop along the line of their own genius and we should avoid imposing anything on them. We should try to encourage in every way their own traditional arts and culture.
  2. Tribal rights to land and forest should be respected.
  3. We should try to train and build up a team of their own people to do the work of administration and development. Some technical personnel from outside will no doubt, be needed, especially in the beginning. But we should avoid introducing too many outsiders into tribal territory.
  4. We should not over administer these areas or overwhelm them with a multiplicity of schemes. We should rather works through, and not in rivalry to, their own social and cultural institutions.
  5. We should judge results, not by statistics or the amount of money spent, but by the quality of human character that is evolved.


1765 Military mobilization to bring Santhal Pargana under Bristish Rule;

1780-85 Tilka Majhi led tribal revolt & managed to injure British army Chief;

1832-33 Formation of Damin-i-Koh; Kherwal revolt under the leadership of Bhagirathi, Dubai Gosai and Patel Singh;

1855 June 30th :The famous Santal Hul by Vir Sido & Kanhu Murmu;

1874 Kherwal movement shot into fame under leadership of Bhagirathi Majhi;

1905 May 5th.; Birth day of Guru Gomke Pdt. Raghunath Murmu;

1929 Simon Commission presented with memorandum which demanded the formation of Jharkhand Sate;

1930 Separation of Bihar and Orissa from Bengal Presidency;

1935 "Ol Chiki"(Writing Script) for Santali Language Invented;

1938 Formation of Adivasi Mahasabha from Unnati Samaj;

1947 On Dec 28 :All India Jharkhand Party came into inception;

1949 The Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act prohibiting sale or transfer of Tribal Land;

1955 Demand for a separate state submitted before the state re-organisation commission which were however turned down;

1963 Jharkhand Party led by Jay Pal Singh merged with the Congress;

1971 Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana given special financial power to accelerate the pace of development in the area;

1972 JMM formed by Sibu Soren for the creation of Jharkhand State;

1974-75 Tribal Sub plan introduced and integrated tribal development Projects established;

1979 June 2nd :Left Front Govt. of W. Bengal recognized "Ol Chiki" Script;

1984 BJP joined the movement for separate Sate of Vananchal Comprising 18 districts of South Bihar;

1985 September 25 :All Jharkhand Students’ Union formed;

1989 The Committee on Jharkhand Matters (COJM) constituted by the Centre to look into the demand of Statehood;

1990 The COJM submitted its report suggesting two alternative of Union territory or an Autonomous Politico-Administrative Structure for the region

1990 The All Jharkhand Students Union floated the Jharkhand People’s Party led by Dr. Ram Dayal Munda;

1994 On January 6 :Mr. Laloo Yadav, then Bihar CM declared in Ranchi that Jharkhand Development Council bill will be passed in Budget Session;

1995 The Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council (JAAC) was formed;

1998 BJP Which has taken up the issue of statehood in 1984 as its political Agenda calling the Vananchal instead of Jharkhand, went ahead to draft a proposal for its creation with the Bihar Sate reorganization Bill in 1998, However it could not be passed in Parliament as the then BJP government fell;

2000 July 24 :The Bihar State Reorganization Bill introduced in Lok Sobha;

   August 2 :The bill to create separate State of Jharkhand passed by voice vote in Lok Sabha;

   August 11 :Parliament approved the formation of Jharkhand by passing of the Bihar reorganization bill 2000 when Rajya Sabha passed it by voice vote;

   August 25 :President Mr. Kocheril Raman Narayanan approved the Bihar reorganization bill 2000;

   October 12 :The Centre issued the gazette notification stating November 15 to be the appointment date for the formation of new Jharkhand Government;

   Midnight of 14/15 : November Mr. Prabhat Kumar and Mr. Babulal Marandi are sworn in as fist Governor & CM of Jharkhand State respectively ;



Copenhagen Declaration:

The World Social Development Summit held between 6-12 March 1995 in Copenhagen Denmark adopted a declaration and programme of action which represent a new consensus or the need to put people at the centre of development. Among the ground breaking agreements made by the world leaders in the Declaration are ten commitments to :

(i) Eradicate absolute poverty by a target date to be set by each country.

(ii) Support full employment as a basic policy goal.

(iii) Promote social integration based on the enhancement and protection of all human rights.

(iv) Achieve equality and equity between women and men.

(v) Accelerate the development of Africa and the least developed countries.

(vi) Ensure that structural adjustment programmes include social development goals

(vii) Increase resources allocated to social development.

(viii) Create "an economic, political, social, cultural and legal environment that will enable people to achieve social development"".

(ix) Attain universal and equitable access to education and primary health care.

(x) Strengthen cooperation for social development through the UN.

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Fact – cum – Feedback Sheet

This is not to test your general knowledge but to survey the opinion. You may like to send your responses in the e-mail address

1) In your opinion, which is the most appropriate word that identifies the people in today's gathering ? (in a conference or a gathering)

a)Santal b)Santhal c)Santhial d)Saontal e)Sonthal f)Satar g)Sandal h)Sangtal i)Sental j)Samtal k)Hor l)Har m)Kherwal n)Adivasi o)Tribe p)Munda q)Indigenous people r)Jharkhandi s)S.T. t)Dalit

2) In your perception which is the most important for a Santal ?

a)Culture/Religion b) Ol Chiki Script c)Tradition d)Inclusion of Language in 8th Schedule of the Constitution of India e)Santal Identity

3) What is the approximate percentage of population of Santals in India ?

a)1% b) 2% c)3% d)4.5%

4)What is the approximate percentage of Santal population in Jharkhand ?

a)10% b) 18% c)20% d)25%

5)What is/are the direct benefit of Eighth Schedule ?

a)Printing in Currency b) Secondary Education c) Translation of Central Act. d)Language Paper in UPSC Exam. e)All

6)What is the criterion for a language to be included in the 8th schedule of the Constitution of India?

a) State of Development b) No. of Speakers c)Writing Script d)Literature e)No standard Criteria

7) In your opinion why Santal Language is not getting official recognition ?

a)No Pressure Group b)No Consensus among santals c)No interest from State Govt. d)No interest from Central Govt.

8)How do you feel if a Santal Woman sells the ricebeer(Handi) in the street ?

a)Bad b)Happy c)No reaction

9) What is the reason for selling ricebeer(Handi) in the street ?

a)source of extra income b)source of livelihood c)business d)poverty e)ignorance of value of Handi in Santal rituals

10) Do you agree with the Land Mark Judgement of SC by Justice K.T. Thomas and Justice R.P. Sethi that " Tribal can't be prosecuted for bigamy under IPC"

a)Yes b)No c)Some extent d)Can't Say

11) What is common to the maximum numbers of Santals today ?

a)Language b)Physiological appearance c)Surname d)Religion e) Culture f)Tradition

12) Which among the following is the third major religious community in the erstwhile state of Bihar ?

a)Hindu b)Muslim c)Christian d)Swarna

13) How many Santal groom can afford "Ganang"(Bride price) ?

a)Some b)Many c)All d)Can't Say

14) During a Santal social function like marriage we experience:

a)excessive expenditure b)confusion/chaos c)cordial atmosphere d)difficulties e)a,b & d

15) Whether Santals need Uniform Civil Code ?

a)Yes b)No c)Can't say

16) What is our religion as per Law of the Land?

a)Sarna b)Kherwal c)Hindu d)Christian e)All f)None

17) Do you like All India ASECA should organise this type of conference ?

a)Yes b)No

18) In which way you can assist this organisation to hold the next conference ?

a)Participation b)Sponsorship c)Resource person

19) Next venue you would like to suggest for the conference ?

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Office: 2133, Lodi Road Complex, New Delhi – 110 003

No. 1/1C/AIASECA/02 March 04, 2002

Sub: Conference on Status, Development Trend and Future of Santals on 10-11 February, 2002 at Civic Centre, Rourkela

Dear Madam/Sir,

You would be glad to know that All India Conference on Status, Development Trend and Future of Santals was held successfully as per schedule. We had the following guests for the occasion: 1) Mrs. Droupadi Murmu, Hon’ble Minister, Government of Orissa, 2) Mrs. Saraswati Hembram, Ex-Minister, Government of Orissa 3) Mr. Sudam Marndi, Hon’ble MLA 4) Dr. P. C. Hembram, Chairman, Jharkhand Public Service Commission 5) Mr. Ajit Das, Hon’ble MLA 6) Mr. Lal Mohan Baskey, General Secretary, ASECA, Rairangpur, Orissa 6) Mr. Pitabas Mishra, Editor, Utkal Mail 7) Mr. Rupchand Hansda and Mr. Jadumani Besra of All India Santali Writers’ Association, Jhargram and 8) Mr. Bajinath Soren. The success of the conference is attributed to the gracious presence of the above guests, delegates from far places like Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai and Vishakhapatnam, All Orissa Ol Chiki Students’ Association, Jumid Kherwal, Cuttack, supporters of Language Movement, representatives from various ASECAs, concerned individuals from various places and residents of Rourkela. We as organizer had immense interaction with the people, which provided us inspiration and impetus to carry on this kind of activities.

I have the pleasure in forwarding Resolution which was passed after due deliberation during the Conference. Please feel free to write us if some individual or organisation is pursuing some of the points listed in the Resolution so that we will not take up those activities to save time and money. Your feed back and your desire to take up some of the activities would enable us to finalise the future strategy to achieve the target.

We thankfully and sincerely acknowledge the support extended by various corporate houses, individuals, friends from abroad, delegates, Press, local administration, volunteers and residents of Rourkela. We express our heartfelt gratitude to the office bearers and members of ASECA, Rourkela who were instrumental in making all arrangements.

We solicit your good will and we are hopeful of getting the same in the future. The society is in need of close association and continuous meaningful dialogue through effective networking.

Your valuable suggestions and involvement are most welcome. Johar.

Yours sincerely,


General Secretary


Resolution passed after deliberation in the Conference on Status, Development Trend and Future of Santals during 10th & 11th February 2002 at Rourkela, Orissa

  1. There is a need to strengthen the social institutions and towards its realization, in addition to involvement, every member of the community should provide monetary contribution. Social organizations and individuals should be responsive in order to foster communication keeping community interest in mind;
  2. Government of India and other State Governments should continue to pursue the policy of positive discrimination and extend its application to the Private Sector also;
  3. Santali an independent language spoken by over 6 million people which is more than some of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution, has a writing script "Ol Chiki", has rich literature is denied a place in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. Government of India should immediately take action for its inclusion in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India on merit;
  4. The Opposition and other Hon’ble Members of the Parliament should be approached to introduce a Private Bill in the Parliament for inclusion of Santali in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution in the absence of initiative from Government of India;
  5. Competent Authority should introduce Santali as a Modern Indian Language Paper in Schools and Universities from Primary to Post Graduate level. It is in the interest of Santals to standardize Syllabus of Santali Education in different States as far as practicable to maintain education standard and homogeneity;
  6. National Literacy Mission needs to include education in Santali in its scope to realize the dream of Education for All;
  7. Central Government as well as State Governments should recognize Sarna as a Religion and take necessary action to include it in their records so that people are not embarrassed during Census operations and other official requirements;
  8. Pre Matric as well as Post Matric Scholarships for SCs/STs students to be enhanced in view of the increase in the standard of living, price index and inflation;
  9. A consensus needs to be arrived at for Uniform Civil Code for Santals and uniform observation of Santal festivals or festivals related to Santals’ life. An Awareness Campaign should be launched at all levels;
  10. Central Government as well as concerned State Governments should recognize the sanctity of Jaher (Place of Worship). Government should provide aid for the maintenance and preservation of Jaher and consider financial assistance to the members of the traditional village panchayats;
  11. Daily Santali Programme from All India Radio, Kolkata has immensely influenced the life of Santals for their advancement. Government of India should approve broadcast of Daily Santali programme from Radio Stations in the States of Orissa, Jharkhand and Assam. Daily slot in the Regional Television Centres for Santali programmes should be provided to spread the richness and variety of Santal Culture;
  12. The Constitutional safeguards enjoyed by the Santals of different parts of India should be extended to the Santals of Assam. Government of India and Government of Assam should take necessary steps to correct this desideratum;
  13. With a view to promote Santals’ Arts and Literature, there is a need to establish appropriate institutions at the Centre and in the States of Orissa, Jharkhand, Assam and West Bengal. Government of India and concerned State Governments can consider establishment of institutions similar to the Urdu Academy, Punjabi Academy and Sanskrit Academy for the promotion of Santali Language and Culture.

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Odisa pono0 renag rawrkelare 2002 sal renag pHebruwari 10 ar 11 ma.hi0 hilogag bHaro0 jaka0 san0az kowag maraf miwun re gal maraw ka0e sar akan ka0Hako

1. sav0a re menag a.0u, semleD eman ko ketejx 0e huyug-a | ona la.giD 0e Do sav0a rin je0e hozge seleDog sav0e taka puysa. gozo emog 0e huyug-a | sav0are jumiD\ ar gal maraw 0oNge Dohoy la.giD mapaqi ko semleD ko ar hoz ko citHi korenag 0ela Doko ruwa.z ma;|

2. bHaro0 sorkar ar pono0 sorkar olog pazhaw ar ca.krig somoy renag subiDHa niyom ko paqay ma ar nova ni0i besorkari tHav rehoNko la.guyma |

3. pe isi lakH kHon dHer hozag roz, nova roz renag ol (ol ciki) ar soros savheD menag 0uluj san0aziDo sombiDHan renag ira.l DHap reDo mano0 Do a.wri qamay | menkHan kom hoz0e rozag roz Do sombiDHan re mano0 ko qam akag-a | bHaro0 sorkar logon 0e san0azi Do sombiDHan renag ira.l DHapre mano0 e emayma |

4. bHaro0 sorkar nova bay meD lu0urag kHan parlyament renij birODHi pati ar etag mano0an gomke ko nehorako0e huyug-a nova bakHra miDta.f besorkari bil (Private Bill) ko a.guyma |

5. skul kHon yunibHarsiti DHa.bij san0azi Do em. ai. el. pepar 0ahe:nma | bHaro0 jaka0 rin san0az kowag bugi - ol renag standard (Standard) la.giD san0azi 0e olog bakHra silabos Do jahaN 0inaf; ge ganog miD lekage 0ahe:nma |

6. nesnal literesi mison san0azi olog bebos0Hay Dohoyma | eN:deyena jo0o hoz sikna.0 renag ka0HaDo sa..rig-a |

7. sarna Do DHorom kana men0e kenDro sorkar ar pono0 sorkar ko ba0awma ar akowag rekod koreko ol ma | onakHan hoz lekHa somoyre ar bafma jahaNn sorkari kam kaj\re hozko bako aNDagog-a |

8. ar horijon pa.tHwa.ko la.giD metrik maMAf ar metrik 0ayomag staypeN:d dHerog ma |

9. san0az kowag miDta.f; sav0a a..ri ar miD 0e parabog iDika0e jo0o hozag heN:sar a.guy0e huyug-a | hozko 0alare nova la.giD ce0na a.guy la.giD ka.mihora ehob la.k0ig kana |

10. kenDro sorkar ar pono0 sorkar ko jaher renag tHav ar cinha. Doko ba0aw ma | sorkar jaher jo0on la.giD gozo sopohoD ar moMe bapaqi ko la.giD ka.wdi gozoy emog ma |

11. kolka0a rediO] steson lekage ]Odisa, jHarkHo:Nd ar asam re menag rediO] steson kHon san0azi akHza ucHa.nog ma | onakore menag telibHijon sentar kHon hoN: san0azi program Do ucHa.nog ma |

12. asam re menag ko san0az hoN: bHaro0 Disom renag etag pono0re menagko san0az lekage sombiDHan reyag subiDHa. ar Dug Daram ko qam ma | bHaro0 sorkar ar asam sorkar nova kin mita.w ma |

13. Dilli, ]Odisa, jHarkHoN:d, asam ar pucHim bafla re san0az enej sereq ar savheD u0na.w la.giD soN:s0Ha ko benawog ma | sorkar urDu ekademi, ponjabi ekademi ar soN:skru0 ekademi lekanag san0azi ekademi ko benaz ma |

    dowonload resolution in English | download resolution in Santali

    Your Responses and Feedback

    Letter dated 18.3.2002 received from:

    Mr. Bajel Majhi, OAS (I), Kendrapara, Orissa

    Glad to receive your nice letter along with the resolution taken at Rourkela conference held on 10 & 11th February, 2002. My feeling is that the above conference was not represented by "SANTALS" of all parts of India. I did not find any Bengal or Assam representatives there. Though the resolutions have ended in ominous number thirteen the main objective is to enlist "OL Chiki" in 8th Schedule. I do not know whether the members of All India ASECA are aware of the past of Language Revolution like "Oriya" language. It needs a tremendous ground work to strengthen its root first in below grass root level. It should be dealt by a "Language Revival Forum" represented by members from all states of Santal living states who are expert in Santali language as well as culture who can be capable to convince the language Franchise Commission of India.

    Similarly a National Santal Language Revival Students’ Forum may be formed with its State counterparts in each Santal speaking states of India. The State Forum should form its branches in each colleges of Santali speaking areas. The spring for spreading of Ol Chiki has dried down in Orissa and Bihar which requires immediate restoration. This work can be given to students Forum of each College as stated above. Similarly demand for enhancement of stipend should go to respective Govt. from each college organized by student forum.

    You have already suggested to table a private bill by opposition leaders in Parliament. You are perhaps well aware of the Govt. statistics of Santali speaking population. But Santali knowing population is very negligible as per Govt. statistics. In order to overcome this hurdles we should increase santali knowing population to a measurable extent.

    I suggest, after strengthening our love for "Ol Chiki" which is not yet found universality at least in santali dominated state a resolution for demanding inclusion of "Ol Chiki" in 8th Schedule would certainly fail as evident from experience of the past.

    Please organize the ground work first, strengthen it and nurture it. It is a stupendous task. Several meetings similar to Rourkela is a must in all corners of santali speaking states. It is a revolution of a great language of great nation. It should be handled as it should be.

    Thanking you and your organization.


    Letter dated 26.3.2002 received from:

    Mr. Somanath Hansdah, Sr. Stores Officer (C&W), S.E. Rly., Garden Reach, Kolkata

    Thank you for your letter dated 04th Mar 2002. I have received the Resolution passed after the deliberation in the conference on Status, Development Trend and Future of Santals at Rourkela. This is to intimate you that, I had also participated in the deliberations. The resolutions are path breaking, but to make it happen actually in the appropriate level will demand tremendous activity/actions from not only one organization, but also from different organizations and individuals (Santals first). I would like to furnish some opinions which may be helpful / useful for achieving the objectives/resolution.

    1. Wide publicity of the objectives are needed, not only among educated / urban Santal masses but also among the vast rural and Santals living in the villages, most of whom are not at all aware of the activities, programmes, actions and most importantly objectives and rights. As, I think about 90% Santals still live in villages and rural areas. Literacy level is dangerously low. Communication is to be made to the Manjhi(s) of different villages. It has been mentioned partly in the resolution – Broadcasting Santali programmes through AIR/TV. We must also issue leaflets/booklets to villagers living in remote/isolated areas and others, even non santals
    2. The messages must be spread to different educational institutions where Santal students are sufficiently large enough (Ashram Schools, Colleges of Santal inhabitant localities/ districts and Colleges of state head quarters. Representative(s) in the institutions are to be kept and they are requested to spread the message to their villages and locality they live.
    3. Awareness should be inculcated in the mindset of Santal parents to make their wards/ children go to school and go for higher education. It is observed that most of Santal students drop out at the level of matriculation and intermediate levels. Very few reach to PG or professional Courses.
    4. Few pockets of Santal inhabitant areas /districts are practicing pure Sarna Religion, really painful. Most of the present day Santals are intermingling the practicing of the religious activities (at the Sacred JAHER, birth rituals, marriages, death rituals and other pujas) and heavily borrowing from local dominant classes of people/caste or area. Now it is the high time for codifying the religious systems/process/activities in proper way systematically. You have mentioned in the resolution about the need of Santal Uniform Civil Code. It is a must. We have to decide the process and find out resource persons (A committee) to document it.
    5. Resource (Finance) generation is the key to be successful in many of the endeavours now being thought of. There should be regular generation of funds not just for particular occasion/function. We should maintain proper Bank A/Cs and there must be high level of transparency. We should evolve a system in this respect without any delay. It is there in the resolution.
    6. Santal literature to be enlarged, to be translated to English, Hindi and vice versa. Good books of other language to be translated into Santali in Ol Chiki script.

    These are the few points I thought are of immense helpful for implementing the ongoing process for development of Santals in different ways.

    With these words I conclude. Waiting for your Response.

    May Marang Buru and Jaher Ayo bless us.

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Lessons to share with everybody

  1. It is possible to organize a conference with the involvement of few committed people;
  2. Voluntary support was immense beyond our expectations;
  3. There is a scope to prove the organizers’ capability to make everybody feel that it is not a waste exercise;
  4. All India ASECA was introduced among people and feedback has been very encouraging. Involvement of highly educated young generation in this effort was highly appreciated;
  5. VIPs/guests turned up before time. They appear to not having any reservation to participate in the conference/meeting for meaningful discussion on Santal affairs;
  6. People support an initiative considering the face value and integrity of the Organizers;
  7. The management and general arrangement of the Conference have been appreciated by the participants and guests;
  8. Most of the Santal Organizations participated from outside Rourkela;
  9. In spite of our utmost effort, we could only manage not to take delegate fee (Rs 100) from students and unemployed youth; We wanted not to take delegate fee from the senior citizens;
  10. Sense of generosity among our people is present though limited. It can be broad based;
  11. One should come to the conference arena to know, understand and feel how emotionally people are involved in the Language Movement;
  12. There is a need to educate the educated people on Santal life and problems;
  13. The success has been an inspiration for future initiatives;
  14. People accepted and liked new format of the conference like use of OHP and subject based lecture;
  15. Souvenir for the Conference and four Santali books in Ol Chiki were released during the Conference;
  16. Some Associations like Adim Owar Jarpa, Bhubaneswar submitted the paper for conference and some individuals have also submitted their papers;
  17. Jumid Kherwal, Cuttack, Orissa as an association was a jubilant participant;
  18. We also got individual contribution of Rs2000/ Rs 3000/- Rs.5000/- Rs10000/-.
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Revised: February 18, 2003